Exactly two hole cards must be used. Omaha hold ‘em (also known as Omaha holdem or simply Omaha) is a community card poker game similar to Texas hold ‘em, where each player is dealt four cards and must make his or her best hand using exactly two of them, plus exactly three of the five community cards.
From two to ten players can take part. A standard international 52-card pack is used.
Omaha is usually played with no ante, but with blinds. When there are more than two players, the player to dealer’s left places a small blind, and the next player to the left a big blind. The big blind is equal to the minimum bet and the small blind is typically half that amount. When there are only two players (a “heads-up” game), the dealer places the small blind and the non-dealer the big blind. Omaha High is often played with a pot limit betting structure, though other limits are possible. ‘Pot Limit Omaha’ is often abbreviated to PLO.
The cards are shuffled and cut, the dealer “burns” one card and then deals the cards one at a time face down until each player has four cards. These are known as the player’s hole cards or pocket cards. Players may look at their four hole cards and must not show them to any other player.
The first betting round is begun by the player to the left of the big blind. The blinds count as bets, so the small blind need only pay the difference between the blinds to call. The big blind player acts last and is allowed to raise, even if the other active players have all called.
After the first betting round the dealer burns one card and deals three cards face up to the table. These three cards are known as the flop. There is then a second betting round begun by the first active player to the left of the dealer seat.
When the second betting round is complete, the dealer burns a card and then deals one card face up to the table. This card is known as the turn or fourth street. There is then a third betting round, again begun by the first active player to the left of the dealer seat.
After the third betting round the dealer burns another card and deals one more card face up – the river or fifth street. There is fourth and final round of betting before the showdown, again begun by the first active player to the left of the dealer seat.
Active players show all four of their cards in clockwise order, beginning with the who was the last to bet or raise in the final betting round. If everyone checked in the final betting round, the first active player to the left of the dealer seat is the first to show.
Each player makes the highest possible five-card poker hand using exactly two of their own cards with exactly three of the face-up table cards, which are known as the board.
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